Chapter two is complete! This thing kept growing on me somewhat outward and frequently inward. The sequence here concludes the chapter. It's a journey with a few references to the Odyssey (from cyclops, to Ithaka, and more), a lot of triangles and tetrahedrons, and a weaving together of a number of diverse philosophical perspectives (as is the entire chapter) from pragmatism to fractals to parallax. Furthermore, it reflects on and draws on earlier elements of the rest of the chapter and the interlude (see for example Rhizomes and Flatland and the previously discussed Joyce/faucet page here.) I'm planning to post the entire chapter in order plus the title page at the end of the week ... so stay tuned! thanks - Nick
While I still have one more page to draw to finish Chapter two, I wanted to share a single page from the final sequence of the chapter. This page plays off the faucet passage in James Joyce's Ulysses from the Ithaca episode. I first read this in high school (twice forward and once backward at the suggestion of my just-returned-from-college brother as a way to really find things in the text - I'm still not sure if he was just messing with me) and what I took from a single passage detailing all that went on in turning on a faucet had a profound influence on me. So I've been waiting a long, long time to put this in comics form! (I tackled it in a tiny single panel on the third page of the piece "Bi(bli)ography") It picks up the idea of parallax (from earlier in the chapter) in visual form and connects that to ecosystems theory - which i'm drawing on my mom's writing (she teaches environmental studies) and others, as well as Deleuze and Guattari's notion of rhizomes (from this page). There's also a mention of Flatland - which i brought to life here and closes with a nod to Heraclitus' on not being able to step into the same stream twice. Ok, there's a lot more - and i'm pretty excited to be able to share this - but I should just let the page speak for itself. The finale of chapter two will be posted next week! thanks - Nick
I'm pleased to announce that the comics course for educators i developed at Teachers College will once again be offered in the Spring term. It's under a new name and department, but a similar focus on understanding, making, and exploring ways to incorporate comics into the classroom. More info below and on my comics classroom wiki.
Also, following up on the podcast discussing my work from professors at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, UAF prof. Brooke Sheridan and I share reflections on rethinking the form of scholarship on the HASTAC blog here. We welcome your thoughts in this ongoing conversation. - Nick
A&HE 5151.2 Popular Texts: Focus on Comics in Teaching and Learning
Curious about comics? Interested in using them in your classroom? By embarking on a journey of study and practice, making and application, participants will expand their appreciation for comics and their understanding of the possibilities within this medium and its various genres. Ultimately, this will lead to the development of ways to enrich our classrooms and our students. Open to all majors.
Spring 2013 A&HE 5151.2 Popular Texts: Focus on Comics in Teaching and Learning (CRN 52070)
Mondays: 5:10-6:50pm, 3 credits, Instructor: Nick (aka Walter) Sousanis
Questions: nsousanis @ gmail.com, comics site: http://www.spinweaveandcut.com. Check out the syllabus and resources on comics and education here: http://comicsclassroom.wikispaces.com/
Out of the blue Monday evening, I received an email from Chris Malmberg, a professor at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, sharing a podcast he had done with his colleague Brooke Sheridan titled "Why can't my dissertation have pictures too?" on the use of comics in education and was in large part a discussion around my dissertation and the implications for what academic inquiry can look like.
Brooke has been delving extensively into comics in education (you can see more of her reflections here) and offers some spot on insight into my work - startlingly so considering having no contact with me prior. I found their conversation tremendously useful to me as I continue to develop my argument and I think those interested in comics in education and considerations of new forms of academic scholarship will as well. Check out the iTeach Podcast from the University of Alaska Fairbanks here.
A sidenote: near the end of the podcast, Brooke goes into some detail explaining a page from my piece the Shape of Our Thoughts. The page is intentionally able to be read non-linearly and emphasizes the way creating a comic, in that spatial play of visual and verbal, can facilitate creative discoveries. I cite, and Brooke mentions, a study by Robert Root-Bernstein in which he found that scientists' training as artists helped in their process of discovering. The broader implications of this study are central to my dissertation and using comics - having access to alternative means of seeing allowed
those individuals to look at problems and make connections in ways their more
narrowly educated peers limited to a single mode of thinking could not. Anyhow, the page is below as are some of the sketches that led to its development.
Thanks Chris and Brooke, hope you all enjoy their conversation. - Nick
Tonight (November 26) at 7pm, I'll be talking comics at the 27th meeting of the NY Comics & Picture-stories Symposium hosted by Ben Katchor. I'll be talking on my dissertation and comics as a means of legitimate scholarly discourse. Also, first up tonight, Mark Lerer will be talking on the history of comics fanzines. The symposium has been a great opportunity to connect with other comics makers, scholars, historians, librarians, and more in a relaxed setting. Interested in comics, telling stories in pictures? Come on out!
In the meantime, i'm drawing the final pages of Chapter 2, should be finished soon. Sharing one image from the final six-page sequence below... - Nick
(Can't/couldn't make it out? Some links that relate to what I'm talking on, and of course excerpts from the dissertation can be accessed by scanning my site or clicking the "dissertation" tab...
Interview in Russia's Theory&Practice
From Visual Arts Research Journal - "The Shape of Our Thoughts")
As I'm putting together the final pages of Chapter Two, wanted to share a few unseen pages and a complete sequence from Chapter One - reflections on being stuck and how systems perhaps built with the best of intentions, end up becoming a trap. I shared two pages on "Boxes" before as they were on view at Gallery Project in Ann Arbor, MI for the exhibition Quantified Self. Four other pages I've yet to share on my site were on view at Gallery Project's Grammar of the Elite. End of Ch 2 coming soon. - Nick
(As always, these are low resolution images of the actual work.)
As this entire second chapter (and the dissertation in total) has been a discussion of ways of seeing, I sought to clarify that by "ways of seeing" i also mean to be inclusive of means of perception beyond the visual in a literal sense. To that end, I thought of no better example than my dog and what I learned from him. As the page developed, it went from a side note about the other ways of perception, to I think a significant summation and expansion of the chapter's ideas about the limitations of our vision and how we might expand perception. I drew from a great piece on dog's sense of smell in the New Yorker, and then I was profoundly struck by a piece from New Scientist which led to thinking about a dog's sense of smell as a time capsule (both fantastic articles). Anyhow, if you're new to following along, the final reference of "upwards not northwards" comes from my earlier Flatland sequence here. This was also a nice opportunity to revisit with memories of my dog Sledge - from the photos (a few shared below) and a journal I'd kept of one year of our adventures.... - Nick
My return to making comics was triggered by an invitation to participate in a political art show in Detroit on the eve of the 2004 election. That piece, "Security" was quickly followed up by with a second piece "A Show of Hands" immediately after the election. Much that emerged in that second piece shapes the way I've been working since. For the 2008 election, I made the piece "Seeing Red/Feeling Blue," which prompted me to launch this digital space. I took a quick break from the dissertation to continue this quadrennial tradition with the following piece on labels. In many ways it follows up on what I was dealing with in the Red/Blue piece, but it also plays on things I've been thinking about in the dissertation - specifically my intentionality in leaving specific words out of the work that might act to prevent readers from accessing the work. I see this in conversations on politics all the time - how people who otherwise get along quite swimmingly, are torn asunder by the introduction of a single label. In this heated, divisive time in this country, I felt compelled to make something that talks about our commonality and all that we share - which I suppose is what all my political comics have been about. Anyhow - enough words, here 'tis. More dissertation pages soon. - Nick
After a great trip to Ohio State for a conference with arts educators and a chance to share my work, snuck back to NYC just before the storm hit. Fortunate to have dodged most of the effects of the storm, and have been plugging away on new pages. At the conference there was a lot of discussion of Deleuze & Guattari's notion of the Rhizome as well as a bit of talk of Bakhtin's ideas. As it turns out, i was in the midst of a page linking both such things! This page wraps up my interdisciplinary studies specific question as seen in the last post. More soon. - Nick
p.s. a few quick notes - theoretically this draws on notions of interdisciplinarity, diversity in teams, and the theorists cited - but visually, for the many eyes I was thinking back to the cover of Madeleine L'Engle's "A Wind in the Door" and the "drive of dragons"/cherubim Proginoskes pictured there. I was looking for a de-centered kaleidoscope view, and a reworking of the third page of the different views in my piece "Mind the Gaps." Earlier versions of the page were much more top to bottom, until i swerved at the last minute and played with a new design that incorporated the kaleidoscope across the page, and that fell neatly into place with the nodes of "seekers" rhizomatically linked around the globe. I've been saying how much the play of image and text in space has been pushing the shape of my pages - and that was certainly the case here. - N
Ok, off today for the third conference of the month - another chance to talk comics! In the midst of this, I've been getting pages done, albeit a bit more slowly than I'd like. Sharing an entire sequence here, that's the middle of Chapter Two, and focus specifically on the concept of interdisciplinarity - which is in part a look at my methodology. (I just attended the Association for Integrative/Interdisciplinary Studies' conference as mentioned here.) These pages somewhat reweave the pages I did last year for the Interdisciplinary studies journal, here and here, as well as the chapter I did for my advisor Ruth Vinz's book on Narrative Inquiry.
You'll note, as has been my process since the first chapter, I don't use the words for the things I'm talking about. A choice I made to bring people into the conversation - finding their own access point - rather than keeping them out by the specificity of language that can be exclusionary. So the terms interdisciplinary and disciplines don't appear. I'm continuing to work with the metaphor of seeing and here the instruments that help us expand our vision. This work draws on work on interdisciplinarity from Julie Klein, Allen Repko, Bill Newell, James Welch IV, and Simeon Dreyfuss (cited) - oh yeah, and this L. Frank Baum character, who wrote some book called The Wonderful Wizard of Oz... More pages when I get back from Ohio! - Nick
The last two weeks saw a full schedule of conferences with a public talk in between. I've had terrific experiences all around, and each gathering has provided an excellent opportunity to share my work, and explore with audiences the ways in which we think and make meaning beyond text for learning and scholarly work.
First up, Imagining America's conference here in NYC. This is a fantastic organization, bringing together artists and scholars engaged in public life. I co-organized a session on Expanding Forms of Inquiry with new colleagues prof. Anastasia Salter of U of Baltimore, and Paul Tritter and Tom Neville graduates of Harvard's school of education, where they co-organized (with Zac Chase) the Hack the Dissertation project. We discussed our own works in expanding forms of inquiry in comics, gaming, and, well, hacking (in a non-computer sense), and invited the audience to share projects they've been involved in, roadblocks, and ideas for how we can see more of this work going forward. It was an engaged conversation and sparked thoughts to grow it further. Anastasia wrote on the gathering for her ProfHacker column in the Chronicle and we invite others to join the conversation there or on our site.
Next up, I went to Oakland University, back home in Michigan, for a conversation on my work and comics as part of their yearlong series on creative and critical practices. We anticipated maybe 30 attendees and were shocked to have about 150 students and faculty! Given that this was the first time i was trying to integrate making exercises alongside the lecture, the first few moments were a little nerve-wracking, but it ended up being a blast! After talking education and comics theory, it was a real treat to then see each person engage in the drawing and start to rethink the ways in which they think - and share with the whole group. Thanks to Ben Bennett-Carpenter of OU for making this happen.
The final leg of this tour was attending the Association for Integrative (soon to be Interdisciplinary) Studies conference also in Rochester, Michigan. This is my fourth AIS convening (which always comes at the same time as NYComicCon, drat!) and it's always a pleasure to be around folks who come at things from such a diversity of perspectives and are engaged specifically in the work of integrating multiple perspectives. Also did a small drawing exercise during my talk, and it's exciting to push people out of their comfort zone and then have what i'm talking about become much more meaningful through the experience. Thanks to IA member Tanya Augsburg for the action shot (with the page about Eratosthenes)!
All of this has meant a little drawing slowdown, but I've been moving along quickly since. Sharing one page that sets up the interdisciplinary specific section of Chapter Two. I have several more finished, but likely i'll share them all when the sequence is completed. Thanks - Nick
Wow - so a few weeks back I was contacted by Katya Korableva a journalist working for the Russian arts-education magazine Theory & Practice to talk about my dissertation in comics. The interview with images of the work now appears on their site - entirely in Russian! Please see here for the interview with images. Katya asked some really thought provoking questions that made me have to think deeply about what I'm up to, and I'm grateful for the opportunity to share with T&P.
For those of you who can't read Russian, I've posted to text of the interview below. At the close of that interview, I posed a question about comics education projects going on in Russia. For any Russian readers coming here - I'd love to hear what's going on.
With Great thanks to Theory&Practice and Katya for the support and thoughtful interaction. A treat for me all around. - Nick
Probably the first question is the hardest, but I dare to
ask: how is your dissertation going? What are you drawing and writing right
now? Can you tell us already, when it will be published?
Good question! I’m
pleased with how it’s coming along. It’s a slow process, but I feel each page is
worth the time it takes. I’m in the middle of the second chapter, which is a
discussion of interdisciplinarity through the metaphor of how we see, and I
just finished a sequence spanning from the Copernican Revolution to the
Enlightenment. These particular pages weren’t in my original outline, but they
emerged organically in the process of making. I expect to have the entire work completed
and defend in spring of 2013.
Your dissertation illustrates beautifully a melting of
science and art. Do you hope that it becomes a new standard for theses?
Thank you. I do hope
that it helps open doors within the academic community for other visual-verbal
scholarly works, as well as other forms already in existence or
still-to-be-imagined. But I don’t see this as becoming the new standard.
Rather, I hope it contributes to raising the question of what “standard” means,
and providing an example that others will take up in their own way, by their
own means of working.
Did you have to fight for the approval process?
Actually, no. I
came to Columbia with the idea that I would do something like this. Back in
Detroit, I had made a comic book about the history, meaning, and philosophy of
games in conjunction with an art exhibition we organized there. I shared this
work with professors here when I was applying as a demonstration of the
potential for how comics could present complex ideas in an educational manner.
It was received positively, and once I got here, I began making comics for my
assignments. In fact, my primary advisor, Dr. Ruth Vinz invited me to make a
comic as the final chapter of her recent book On Narrative Inquiry. I
think as with graduate students, professors too, are hungry to see something
different in the academic realm and they’ve demonstrated strong support in believing
that this should happen.
Could you also imagine writing your dissertation in a
more convenient way?
Ha! Sure, I like to
write, I like to play with words, and I spent a lot of years writing thousands
of words per week as an arts writer back in Detroit. Writing this would definitely
take less time – but I find that I’m able to achieve something more whole in my
thinking when I draw and write together, and I’m thrilled to be engaged in that
process. I think it leads me to discoveries that I wouldn’t come upon using
text alone – which is an integral part of my argument. There have been plenty
of things written about the importance of visual thinking, but I believe we
need to “walk that talk” and actively engage in the making. To be true to what
I’m proposing, I think it’s necessary to say it in image.
Sorry, I know that everybody asks it, but when you get
the idea, do images or words come first?
My playful but
absolutely true answer to this is always: “Yes.” I can’t speak for other comics
authors, but in my case, I begin with some notion of what I want to express and
then I start to sketch out ideas in image form and text. As I play with these
very loose ideas across the space of the paper, I start to make connections,
draw associations between images, between text and image, and that leads to new
elements being added to the mix. As this continues, the idea starts to take shape
more fully. Even when I have a rough script and fairly detailed layout, I find
that the text keeps pushing me to reconsider images and what I’m drawing asks
me to alter the text. It’s a constant back and forth, right up until it reaches
some balance that satisfies my initial ethereal idea – often in a way I hadn’t
A lot of people have difficulties producing a huge
content. What helps you to stay inspired?
For me, this is
about a desire to see the ideas realized for myself and to share them with
others. I enjoy asking questions and exploring possibilities, and I find it’s
not until I’ve created the piece that I really understand things. Even when
I’ve laid out the piece (which I have done with the dissertation), there
are still surprises on every page along the way. It’s not really a matter of
filling in the details after the outline is there, but a process of ongoing
discovery that the work takes me on – and I am excited to make that journey.
Could you tell us about a course you are teaching? How
many students do you have? What are your methods of teaching?
I teach a course for
educators here at Teachers College, Columbia University on understanding,
making, and teaching comics. Most of my students are or will be teachers in
elementary and high school. So far, classes have been small enough to have a
lot of interaction between everyone but big enough to have a diversity in our
work and discussions. Although nearly all of the students in the class enter as
self-described as non-drawers and definitely non-comics makers, I have them
make comics from the first day onward. I strongly believe that we learn theory
best through practice, through the act of doing and making – and I see this
demonstrated with every piece they create. I offer them a simple comic prompt
that they work on to share in the next class. We are then able to discuss the
pieces as a group, consider why they made the choices they did and so forth. It’s
a cyclical thing – we look at example works and break down theoretical elements
of how they work and then do the same in our own works, which backs up the
theories and propels students to explore more ideas when they’re making works.
I have been consistently amazed by the compositions students (regardless of
previous drawing skills) come up with that beautifully demonstrate how comics
work at a fundamental level. Ultimately, the course builds to them thinking on
ways they’ll incorporate comics (or other aspects of visual thinking) within
their own educational setting and often some are putting these ideas into
practice even as our course is going on.
What books do you recommend to your students?
Scott McCloud’s Understanding
Comics is an absolute must. McCloud wonderfully demonstrates the ways that
comics make meaning within the medium itself. Its release in 1993 opened the
door to comics being integrated into school curriculums – through librarians
and adventurous teachers. Obviously too, Understanding Comics paved the
way for the kind of work I’m doing – for which I’m ever grateful. The book
offers terrific insights into how to think about the workings of comics, and a
great starting point to start to break down and articulate what’s happening
when you read a comic. Can’t recommend it enough.
Jessica Abel and
Matt Madden’s Drawing Words & Writing Pictures and recent sequel are
excellent textbooks for teachers and those interested in learning the craft of
comics-making from two pre-eminent thinkers in comics. Extremely useful books,
especially if one is interested in making comics. Also from Matt Madden is an amazing
book called 99 Ways to Tell a Story, in which he tells the same intentionally
mundane one-page tale 99 different ways – experimenting with form, style,
genre, and more. It’s a terrific way to think about comics-making from
In class, I always
share excerpts from Alan Moore’s comics, particularly Watchmen with Dave
Gibbons. Moore and the artists he’s worked with are such masters of the
possibilities for the medium – in terms of ways the visual and verbal can
interact, in interweaving parallel stories within the same space, and much
more. It’s wonderful to think through comics theory by looking at these
examples. Alongside this, we look at comics theory in text by such scholars as
Thierry Groensteen, R.C. Harvey, and others – each one providing different
access points from which to consider comics.
In a related vein,
Chris Ware’s comics showcase the wide-open possibilities the comics medium has
for expression that make it quite distinct from text and film. David
Mazzucchelli’s book Asterios Polyp besides being an all-around beautiful
book, speaks to notions of multimodality that are being considered more
prominently in education today. Terrific examples of the use of color, shape,
font, and other tools to layer meaning. I could go on with examples that we
draw from, and that list is continually growing as I come across new works all
In one of your interviews you said, that „Comics force
you to leave out a lot and preserve empty spaces; for me at least, it’s like
having a built in editor“. It seems that nowadays the skills of editing are
becoming more and more important. Do you have any advice, how the one could
develop in himself this „built in editor“?
You never know when
a previous response will come back to haunt you… J I don’t think I can speak generally to how
someone can create their own built-in editor, but I can address how my particular
process shapes my work. In his book The Grasshopper, Bernard Suits’s defines
playing a game as “a voluntary attempt to overcome unnecessary obstacles. ” I’m
quite interested in the idea of how formal constraints, rather than being a
limitation, actually stimulate unexpected discoveries. In making a comic, I’ve
agreed to adhere to certain “rules” – the size of the page, page count, and
other things – and within that constrained space, I play a game where the shape
of the piece itself shapes the content. It’s a generative conversation between
my initial notion and chosen constraints, which frequently gives rise to
something unexpected. “Built in editor” is also applicable in a more mundane
way, that is, I keep trimming words to leave more room for the images and what
emerges through this play, I find to be much more powerful than had I gone on
and on about it (like I’m doing here!).
In that interview, you also mentioned, that once you got
into trouble for drawing on the margins of your notebook during class. I think
a lot of teachers really take this activity to heart. How would you react on it
if you were a teacher at school?
I’d like to think
I’d encourage it. It certainly happens in my comics class – and I encourage it
there. I know for me, drawing was a way of paying more attention, and I’ve
heard that from other artist folks. I guess if you create a classroom
environment of respect – drawing that needs to happen, happens, and things that
are out of bounds – typically don’t.
How often do you see that some people still do not take
comics seriously and think they are only entertaining? What is the best way
trying to change their opinion?
Due to comics’
unprecedented level of acceptance as works of literature and literary tools, it
definitely occurs less than just 10 years ago – but it still happens. When I
say I’m doing a dissertation in comics form, many people assume it’s filled
with super heroes or funny animals. So for me, the best way is to hand them the
work – and then – while they may expect a quick and likely light reading
experience, they end up absorbed for a time. And then they get it. I think the
best introduction is to hand a person a comic about something they might be
interested in, and let the work speak for itself. There’s an abundance of
powerful works to get someone hooked and then exploring on his or her own from
Do you think that comics as educational medium are good
for people of all ages? Are there any projects of bringing more comics to
primary and secondary schools?
are great examples out there of topics like illness narratives, gender,
history, and more being taught through comics in the university. As more people
open up to using them, there are more works for them to get their hands on. And
as the medium is more accepted, authors continually push on borders, exploring
new approaches and new types of material to express through comics. It’s an
exciting time and feels like it’s only getting better.
My sense is there
are countless initiatives for integrating comics into classrooms being
implemented and new ones popping up all the time. A few examples that I’m
familiar with include the long-running literacy-through-comics initiative The
Comic Book Project, started by Dr. Michael Bitz while a student here at
Teachers College and more recent efforts like Denver’s Comic Book Classroom (http://www.comicbookclassroom.org/).
We see educators sharing resources on using comics with their students in
online ventures like the “Making Curriculum Pop” ning organized by Ryan Goble (www.mcpopmb.ning.com), the first-hand
experience of Maureen Bakis in her book The Graphic Novel Classroom, and
more. Textbook initiatives are on the rise as well, from the adaptation of Bill
Ayers’s To Teach in comics form to the Reading with Pictures graphic
textbook, the Graphic Canon, and on and on.
Could you describe some projects you are currently
is all! Really, until this is finished and out the door, I need to stay focused
on this and do my best to turn down other projects. I have a number of things
on the docket for when I get done, but now it’s dissertation, dissertation,
dissertation, a few conferences to talk about the dissertation – and then back
to the drawing board again!
Nick, Thank you very very much for taking your time!
Thank you, Kate,
for the opportunity to think through ideas and share a bit of where I’m coming
from with your readers. If I may ask one question back to you and your readers
– I’d be really interested to learn about comics-education projects going on in
Room in the OC (student center) @ Oakland University
Nick is a Detroiter now
living in New York, co-founder of the arts and cultural web-mag www.thedetroiter.com,
founding director for the University of Michigan’s Work•Detroit gallery
(on Woodward Ave), and
biographer of legendary Detroit artist Charles McGee.
Nick is currently writing and drawing his doctoral dissertation at Teachers
College, Columbia University, entirely in comic book form -- the first of its
kind. Anyone interested in the interaction of verbal and visual modes of
communication -- or something akin to Scott McCloud’s work in the now
contemporary classic Understanding Comics
-- will find this presentation of interest.
See Nick’s comics at www.spinweaveandcut.com.
Sponsored by the CAS Theme committee and
the Department of Writing and Rhetoric at Oakland University.Contact: Ben Bennett-Carpenter (email@example.com
| 248 854 8340)
New pages from Chapter 2! These two were not part of my working outline, and as I finished the previous pages on ways of seeing and Eratosthenes's unflattening of the earth and was looking ahead to the next pages, I kept feeling there was a missing transition visually and conceptually. Copernicus's reenvisioning of the known universe as sun-centered kept coming to mind. I'd played with it subtly in "Mind the Gaps," which this chapter builds on, and an image from that (my redrawing of the Flammarion woodcut) was used as part of the discussion on education and the metaphor of the Copernican Moment that I contributed to in response to David Scobey's Imagining America Keynote speech. In that text response, I made mention of the Copernican revolution fueling further scientific and cultural revolutions - and in part this means the Enlightenment. So, i went on a sidetrack of reading: Arthur Koestler's The Sleepwalkers, about Copernicus, Kepler and other early astronomers; EO Wilson's Consilience, a look at what the Enlightenment got right (and wrong) and how we can unify knowledge; Horkheimer and Adorno's The Dialectic of the Enlightenment, which looks at what went wrong; Kant's What is Enlightenment?; the writings of Marquis de Condorcet, prime figure in thinking of the progress of mankind during the Enlightenment; Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (and here, i had an odd experience, i was reading Pirsig on Kant, Phaedrus's knife of analysis, and stumbled on a paragraph on Copernicus that uncannily resonated with what i had just written on the Copernicus page); and hordes of astronomical history websites to think through the shift from the various models. All of that boils down to these two pages, and i'm on to the next. Also below, a few of the sketches that led to these. Onward to the next pages! Thanks - Nick
Nick Sousanis cultivates his creative practice at the intersection of image and text. A doctoral candidate at Teachers College, Columbia University, he is writing and drawing his dissertation entirely in comic book form. Before coming to NYC, he was immersed in Detroit’s thriving arts community, where he co-founded the arts and cultural web-mag www.thedetroiter.com; served as the founding director of the University of Michigan’s Work:Detroit exhibition space, and became the biographer of legendary Detroit artist Charles McGee. His comics have been infiltrating the academic realm through numerous publications and he furthers his advocacy for the medium in the comics course he developed for educators at Teachers College.
Contact nsousanis @ gmail.com